Endometriosis in Adolescents


Endo and Teens

According to the Endometriosis Association, In the United States, it is estimated that 6.5 million women and girls as young as 8 suffer from endometriosis, and 89 million women worldwide.

The onset of endometriosis often starts when young women begin their menstrual cycles and tends to worsen as time goes on. For adult women, this condition can result in ongoing pelvic pain and challenges with fertility. Although the exact cause of endometriosis is still unknown, it is frequently seen running in families.

Challenges for Teens with Endometriosis

It is heartbreaking to see the impact of delayed diagnosis of endometriosis in teenagers, as it can lead to years of unnecessary suffering. Early detection is absolutely vital for adolescents and young patients, not only improving their quality of life and providing relief from symptoms but also safeguarding their future fertility.

Identifying endometriotic lesions in adolescents can be particularly challenging, as their presentation may vary from that in adults, posing a difficulty even for gynecologists who lack experience with younger patients.

A personalized approach to medical and surgical treatment is crucial for easing symptoms, halting disease progression, and safeguarding future fertility. Research has shown the significant impact of adolescent endometriosis on patients' well-being and emotional health. Therefore, it is vital to develop interventions that address the psychosocial aspects and overall quality of life for young individuals affected by this condition.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Typical signs of endometriosis can include intense menstrual discomfort, marked by severe cramps and lower abdominal pain. Some individuals may also experience symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and changes in urination. While mild cramping is normal during menstrual cycles, the severe pain associated with endometriosis often does not respond to standard pain relief methods or hormone treatments, potentially leading to prolonged pelvic discomfort.

Diagnosing endometriosis involves a specialized procedure called laparoscopy, in which a doctor directly examines the abdomen. By taking a small tissue sample from the affected area, known as a biopsy, and analyzing it under a microscope, the presence of endometriosis can be confirmed.

What is Endometriosis


Timely identification and intervention have proven to significantly enhance the well-being of adolescents affected by endometriosis.

Conversely, delayed or insufficient treatment may lead to:

  • Persistent pain
  • Amplified menstrual symptoms
  • Impaired fertility
  • Absences from school
  • Reduced overall quality of life

To learn more about how to properly treat Endometriosis, click here.

Further Reading

To learn more about Endometriosis in Adolescents, see Dr. Yeung's published article:

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